Rwanda, the land of 1,000 hills, has become quite a famous destination for tourism. The country located in Central Africa is a haven for natural vegetation, wildlife, mountains, pristine topography, volcanoes, waterfalls and rainforests. The Parc des Volcans is one of the last sanctuaries where one can find the mountain gorilla in their natural habitat. Rwanda is situated in the region of Great Lakes and has many beautiful and serene lakes bordering it.
Rwanda has a temperate tropical highland climate, with lower temperatures than are typical for equatorial countries due to its high elevation. Kigali, in the centre of the country, has a typical daily temperature range between 12 °C and 27 °C, with little variation through the year.
The country`s is located on the great East African plateau, with the Nile and Congo rivers passing in a north–south direction through the western part of the country. To the west of the divide, the land drops sharply to Lake Kivu in the Great Rift Valley; to the east, the land falls gradually across the central plateau, its grassy highlands are the core areas of settlement of Rwanda`s peoples - to the swamps and lakes on the country`s eastern border. Almost all of Rwanda is at least 1,000 metres above sea level; the central plateau is between 1,500 and 2,000 metres high. In the northwest on the border with the DRC are the volcanic Virunga Mountains; the highest peak, Mt. Karisimbi 4,519 metres is snowcapped. Lake Kivu, 1,460 metres above sea level, drains into Lake Tanganyika through the sharply descending Ruzizi River. The Kagera River, which forms much of Rwanda`s eastern border, flows into Lake Victoria.
The main language spoken in Rwanda is Kinyarwanda. French is widespread and English is also spoken by many people.
Installations are of British standard and appliances should be fitted with a square, three in plugs of the British style. The voltage is 240 Volts 50 Hz for domestic use. The voltage fluctuates continually, however and proper surge protectors are advisable for any expensive equipment.
Two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+2).
Mon-Fri 0830-1400 hours
Sat 0830-1200 hrs.
Forex bureaus are open 0900 to 1700 hours on weekdays and 0900 to 1300 hours on Saturdays.
Communication include a system of Telephone, Radio and Television broadcasts, Internet, Mail, several Newspapers, Telex, Fax and Airmail services. International direct calling is available at most hotels and the several internet cafes.
Rwanda has good health services, with some good Government and Private Hospitals and Clinics in the major cities.
Rwanda`s currency is the Rwandan franc (FRw). Coins 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 francs. Notes 500, 1000, 2000, 5000 francs. You can exchange money at banks and hotels although Forex Bureaus usually have better rates.
International credit cards are accepted in the major Hotels, Restaurants and shops.
Shops and businesses are generally open from 08:30 hours and 17:30 hours on weekdays, with a lunch break between 13:00 hours and 14:00 hours. Some businesses are open on Saturday at least until Midday.
|Date||Public Holidays - 2016|
|1st January||New Year's Day|
|2nd January||Day After New Year's Day|
|1st February||Heroes Day|
|25th March||Good Friday|
|28th March||Easter Monday|
|7th April||Genocide against the Tutsi Memorial Day|
|1st May||Workers Day|
|2nd May||Workers Day Holiday|
|1st July||Independence Day|
|4th July||Liberation Day|
|6th July||Eid Ul-Fitr|
|5th August||Umaganura Day|
|15th August||Assumption of Mary|
|12th September||Eid Al Haj|
|12th December||Maulid Day|
|25th December||Christmas Day|
|26th December||Boxing Day|
|27th December||Christmas Holiday Day|
For 16 years old and over: 2 cartons of cigarettes and 2 l of alcoholic beverages.
Local currency – maximum of 5,000 of Rwandese Francs; No limit on foreign currency but declaring compulsory; National residents must exchange any foreign currency up to 8 days upon return.
Live or dead animals and foodstuff from third countries where an epidemic has been present and has been included in a health risk list by Rwanda authorities Narcotics; Arms and ammunitions; Pornography; Items infringing copyrights; Environmentally unfriendly items (i.e. polyethylene bags).
All visitors are advised to take an antimalarial prophylactic beginning two weeks before the arrival and continuing for six weeks after their departure. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over one year of age coming from countries with infected areas. Other travellers are strongly advised to obtain vaccination against the disease before visiting the country.
Visa and immigration requirements
The Republic of Rwanda, a member of the East African Community, allows citizens of all African countries to obtain a visa on arrival. Citizens of most other countries must obtain an e-Visa online before departure. All visitors must hold a passport valid for at least 6 months with at least one empty page.
Taxis are immediately available at Kigali International Airport. They can also be found outside most hotels in Kigali and at most of the country`s major centers.>
Kigali International Airport is the primary airport serving Kigali is the main air gateway for all destinations in Rwanda; and in addition serves as a transit airport for Goma and Bukavu in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Similar to other cities and towns around the world, it is advisable to take the usual precautions to safe guard yourself and your belongings. Do not leave valuables in your car.